As per the Marxist-Leninist philosophy, a communist country is the one that is governed by a single party. That means the whole country is under the administration of a single party. It has sovereignty over the entire nation. As per the communist theory, there is public ownership. The idea is to replace private ownership and economy centered on profits with public ownership. Communism is considered to be a form of socialism. All the natural resources and production centers like mills, factories, and mines are under communal control.
History and Downfall of Communist Nations:
One-third of the total population of the world survived under communist rule during the 20th century. The Soviet Union was one of the leading countries under communist rule. The nation has an inefficient economy. Later on, this leads to the demise of the nation back in the early 1990s. Back in those days, the country was under the rule of a single party, and there was no opposition. The leaders of the party operated under a command economy. This command was designed to determine wages, prices, and production goals. But if we look at the history of these communist nations, they failed. This was because their economies collapsed. But still, communism is practiced in a total of 5 nations across the world. They include China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea, and Vietnam.
Communist Nations in the World:
Following are some of the countries that are communist. China is the largest of these members with a total population of 1.4 billion people.
|Name||Area||Population 2019||Growth Rate|
|North Korea||120,538 km²||25,727,408||0.46%|
As stated above, the Soviet Union was one of the communist nations. Countries like Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan were a part of the Soviet Union. Bulgaria, Czech Republic, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia were the Soviet Controlled Bloc Countries.
CHINA: The Leading Communist Nation:
China is one of the rapidly developing countries in the world. The country excels in production and manufacturing. But it is the country that still is under Communist Rule. The whole country is controlled and governed by the Communist Party. This party has a seat of government in Beijing. The party has complete jurisdiction over a total of 5 autonomous regions.
How the Communist Party Got into Power:
If we look at the political history of China, it has been governed under the political system of communism. Back in September 1949, the communist party started leading the whole country. The party started leading the nation when the leader Mao Zedong won the civil war against the National Chinese party. After that, the National Party moved from Taiwan after the loss. The country was then called “The People’s Republic of China.”
Deng Xiaoping’s Innovative Establishments:
After the death of Mao, under the supervision of Deng Xiaoping, the ideals of China formed market socialism. He was the one to bring instituted changes in the economic system. They developed socialism as per the Chinese characteristics. He found that politics were quite effective. So he started using politics didn’t follow the ideas of previous leaders. Four Modernizations were instituted by Deng. Agriculture, Industry, Science, and technology were part of these four modernizations. He was the one to empower the economy of China. He is credited to be the person to transform China is into a leading economic power. His ideas of industrialism were quite effective as he opened the country to the outside world.
China’s Modern Communism:
The constitution of China is continually renewed but the basic one that was crafted in 1982. The constitution contains many of civil rights. These include free speech, press, worship, the right to trial, and the right to own private property. The constitution is not quite practiced as it should be. Not much work is done to ensure that the newly formulated laws and regulation follow up with the constitution. The judicial system is not that visionary to review the new laws.
The use of the computer has increased massively. That is one of the reasons why China has the largest number of internet and smartphone users. Adding to that it also states why the nation leads the world in technology. AS per the recent statistics, the country has almost 210 million internet and 400 million mobile users. The computer users here are also increasing rapidly, and the ethics of technology have also become quite prominent. The privacy, censorship, ownership and work ethics have been the highlighted issues. That is the reason why the country has it’s own social and institutional internet platforms.
Cuba: The second largest Communist Nation:
Cuba is one of the nations that still practice communism. The total population of the country is around 11 million and growing. Partido Comunista de Cuba (PCC) is the communist party of Cuba. It was formed by Fidel Castro back in 1965. The communist activities started in the country in 1923. As per the constitution of 1976, it became the only party to operate in the country. The party was later stated as “organized vanguard of the Cuban nation” in the revised constitution of 1992.
Foundation of Party and Succession by Raul
Since the foundation of this party, it has been lead by Fidel Castro and his brother Raul Castro. Politburo is the leading institution of PCC. 25 members of this are from 150 members of Central Committee. These members are selected by the party congress. The policy of the party and the state are constituted by the Politburo
In the party congress back in 1997, Fidel anointed Raul, his brother, to be the future successor and leader of the party. He was to be assigned the leader to ensure the Cuban Revolution. He said that the party was not supposed to be destroyed by the members and nor will it be corrupted by others. Raul became the leader of the party after Fidel in 2011.
North Korea: One of the Communist Nation:
North Korea also is one of the nations that practice communism. Kim Jong Un is the leader of the nation. At the time of establishment, his grandfather Kim il-Sung was the leader of the country. Kim Jong-un followed the legacy of his grandfather.
After the political movement was started in Korea in the early 20th century as a Communist Movement. This movement has a minor role in the pre-war politics. South Korea was anti-communist, and North Korea was favour of communism. This leads to different ideologies and later became the primary reason behind the separation. The state was then named the Democratic Republic of Korea and came under the direct ownership of Workers